The objective of IOM’s migration and development programme is to contribute to a better understanding of the links between international migration and development in order to harness the development potential of migration for the benefit of both societies and migrants and to contribute to sustainable development and poverty reduction.
Most migrants and their descendants have a shared sense of identity and belonging. They are connected to their country of residence, but also to their country of origin. They contribute to their new country, but can also be powerful development actors. Their expertise, cultural affinity and strong commitment can make them humanitarian actors in crisis situations, entrepreneurs in business, trade and innovation, as well as international experts and excellent agents for development.
Many diaspora experts living and working in the Netherlands remain strongly connected to their country of origin. Governments are aware of this and are increasingly developing a diaspora policy to facilitate the contribution of migrants.
To carry out IOM’s global vision, the Migration & Development unit in the Netherlands developed programmes to facilitate diaspora engagement with the country of origin through knowledge transfer and/or entrepreneurship.