- Health Care
- Rule of Law
- Public Affairs
Next to the strengthening of public institutions and unique in CD4D, there is also a focus on private sector development. Until the end of the project in June 2019, IOM can support up to four diaspora entrepreneurs, who have been selected to go on a go-and-see mission to Iraq. If the project becomes extended, further opportunities for supporting business ideas or expansions will be explored.
Iraq declared victory over the Islamic State (IS) group in December 2017 after driving the extremists from nearly all the territory they once held. However, three years of conflict has taken a devastating toll: “schools, hospitals, roads and homes are still contaminated by unexploded ordnance and improvised explosive devices. Whole neighborhoods, even entire cities, are uninhabitable. The fighting has now stopped, but there is an enormous task ahead.” While the current needs to reconstruct the country are enormous, various efforts will have to be deployed. The Ministry of Planning has issued a reconstruction document that should guide the international support towards specific objectives and priorities in the reconstruction. One way to support the reconstruction will be to reach out to Iraqis abroad, as experts or investors, to support the development of the country.
Iraq was a beneficiary country under the “Temporary Return of Qualified Nationals” program that has facilitated a total of 48 assignments in Iraq in the areas of education, health, engineering and humanitarian assistance.
According to the Dutch Central Office for Statistics, in 2016 there were 40.800 first generation Iraqis and 15.400 second generation Iraqis in the Netherlands.
IOM is working closely with host institutions in both Central and North Iraq. In Baghdad, IOM is assisting five ministries including the Ministry of Interior, Ministry of Transportation, Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs, Ministry of Migration and Displacement and the Ministry of Education. In Erbil, IOM is working with the Ministry of Education and Ministry of Health along with a few financial institutions such as the Chamber of Commerce, Board of Investments and other national business institutions.