- Public Governance
The government of Morocco proposed the creation of an “African Alliance for Migration and Development during the UN’s second High Level Dialogue on International Migration and Development in 2013. Among the main aims proposed for the Alliance at the UN forum are: promoting better coordination and cooperation between African countries on migratory matters, sharing national expertise and best practices on migratory governance, and integrating migration into national and sectoral development plans of member nations. Morocco ranks in the top 10 recipients of remittances in the world.
Highly skilled Moroccans (those with a tertiary or graduate degree) make up 15% of the Moroccan Diaspora. This comes to more than 400,000 Moroccans living abroad (MLAs), who have either a bachelor’s or graduate degree. It should be noted that these people consist not only of MLAs, who had already received their bachelor’s degrees in Morocco when they emigrated, but also includes a generation of their children who were educated in the new country of residence.
It is especially noteworthy that the share of persons with a university diploma is twice as high among the MLAs as it is among the domestic Moroccan population. More than 32,000 MLAs are senior executives or professionals in the private sector. The highly qualified diaspora is made up for the majority of researchers, research and development (R&D) managers, university professors, and entrepreneurs. They are located mainly in Europe, Arab countries, North America, and some African and Asian countries. Data on the skill level disaggregated by country is however not available.
The impact of migration on the national development is very much linked to the way the government successfully engaged with its diaspora resources. Recently, amongst others, through its Ministry for Diaspora, Morocco is piloting with projects that emphasize on the transfer of skills. An example of such a project is “The International Forum of Moroccan Competencies Abroad (Forum International des Compétences Marocaines Résidant à l’Étranger) that was set up in 2007 to mobilize the skills and investments of Moroccans abroad to support development projects under the national economic and social plan. Based on a public-private partnership around business, science and research interests, it involves the diaspora in its planning. Their expertise proved to be a more cost effective alternative compared to expensive foreign experts working on development schemes in Morocco. During TRQN III, IOM linked up to the Fincome program and facilitated various temporary assignments of Moroccan top researchers from the European Union.
During TRQN III, IOM facilitated over 70 assignments to Morocco in several areas. Though it was the first time IOM was incorporated in TRQN, it was quite successful and the Moroccan Diaspora was very keen on participating.
As mentioned above, a number of assignments took place within the FINCOME program. Through its public and private partnerships, the program had extensive assessments on what was needed for national Research and Development (R&D) and what was needed in the business development arena (e.g. incubator programs). TRQN proved to be responding to a big need and was very complementary to efforts already in place.
Moreover, TRQN contributed to the enhancement of public governance at “The Ministry for Civil Servants and the Modernization of the administration” and numerous municipalities. IOM assisted in setting up and designing future reception halls in municipalities, and trained staff on the use of ICT for more civil participation.
IOM also contributed through TRQN to a number of associations providing direct support and technical assistance on their programs, which proved to be instrumental in enhancing the sustainability of their current activities and promoting an open professional culture of knowledge and experience sharing.
Sectors and Objectives for next phase
During the follow up program of TRQN III, IOM intends to consolidate the achievements attained, sustain the achieved impacts so far and leverage the impact of previous assignments. This will be done through: the provision of (virtual) assignments, training and coaching, the creation of training manuals, the sharing of expertise between beneficiary institutions and the implementation of a knowledge management framework for the relevant stakeholders
In Morocco, IOM intends to continue its investments in the following areas:
With a special focus on the management of public spaces. For the latter several municipalities (Tanger, Kenitra, Oujda and Fez) are to receive additional training. IOM will assist in the creation of a knowledge platform to ensure a best possible learning environment where civil servants can share and explore best practices and where Linkages with Dutch municipalities will be further strengthened in close cooperation with VNG international and the Dutch private sector (data Quint).
Anti Corruption and Accueil: IOM intends to build further on its cooperation with the “Ministry for Civil Servants and the Modernization of the Public Administration” in its efforts to enhance local governance and the implementation of an anti corruption framework.
Private Sector Development and Research and Development
IOM will continue to work on the improvement of the eco system with innovative Moroccan start up businesses. Diaspora experts are very much needed for technical assistance and are to contribute to large startup events; such was the case for the African Business Startup Summit and the Maroc Startup weeks. Furthermore, IOM will continue to contribute to national research and development activities with the “Centre National pour la Recherche et Technique in the areas of water management, usage of Nano technology in water treatment and the development of alternative energy sources/policies. Moreover, IOM will go ahead with assisting the Ministry for higher education and Research in its efforts to improve the education system, for instance through the development of e-learning to ensure access to education in rural areas and to reduce the equality gap between private and public educational institutions.
Migration Law, Integration and Prevention of Radicalization
Since Morocco adopted a law that foresaw in regularizing the stay of almost 20.000 Sub-Saharan migrants, Morocco became a country of destination for many migrants. This group of migrants and the daily new waves of arrivals pose challenges in terms of integration, access to the labour market and health care of migrants etc. Therefore, IOM intends to continue its support to the installation of Migration law chair at the University of Tangier and the strengthening of the Hijra clinic that aims at becoming a knowledge and learning center for migration law and integration.
IOM , on request of the NGO assadaka, will consolidate and follow up on its activities in the Bendibaan area in Tangier. This area is breeding ground for radicalism. IOM’s activities will be complementary to that of UNICEF and the USAID program Forsaty. IOM’s involvement will center on the training of instructors on psychosocial guidance, gender empowerment, prevention of radicalization etc.
IOM will closely work with Dutch municipalities, Moroccan Municipalities, the Ministry for higher education and Research, the Moroccan Center for Technology and Scientific Research, the Moroccan Ministry for Moroccans Residing Abroad and Moroccan universities.